The winged bull has returned to its home country (Iraq) after years it was away from it, where the three-dimensional winged bull (a replica of the real monument in the British Museum) arrived by private plane from the Spanish capital Madrid to Baghdad International Airport on Thursday 25/9/2019.
Director General of the Department of Cultural Relations at the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Antiquities, Falah Hassan Shaker received the first shipment of the three-dimensional winged bull accompanied by the Spanish Ambassador in Baghdad Juan Jose Esquiar.
It is worth mentioning that the monument of the winged bull, which comes as a part of the cultural cooperation agreement between Iraqi government and its Spanish counterpart, has been designed by the Spanish Foundation Factum that is run by Reynold Detalle and the worked was supervised by Adam Lowe.
The monument to the winged bull will later be transferred to Mosul University. And these archaeological models will be located in Mosul after the destruction of most of the Assyrian civilization’s relics by ISIS terrorist gangs during its control on the city of Mosul.
Educational seminars and sessions to the Factum Foundation for Digital Technology as well as the history of the foundation and its work and the role of modern technology in the field of supporting and preserving the historical heritage of peoples will be held in the coming days.
The winged bull is called lamassu, and it is an Assyrian protective deity, often depicted as having a human head, the body of a bull or a lion, and bird wings. In some writings, it is portrayed to represent a female deity. A less frequently used name is shedu, which refers to the male counterpart of a lamassu. Lammasu represent the zodiacs, parent-stars or constellations.
Assyrian sculpture typically placed prominent pairs of lamassu at entrances in palaces, facing the street and also internal courtyards. They were represented as “double-aspect” figures on corners, in high relief. From the front they appear to stand, and from the side, walk, and in earlier versions have five legs, as is apparent when viewed obliquely. Lumasi do not generally appear as large figures in the low-relief schemes running round palace rooms, where winged genie figures are common, but they sometimes appear within narrative reliefs, apparently protecting the Assyrians.